Main » TERM » P »

project management

Project management starts with a detailed work plan that includes step-by-step processes designed to meet specific targeted goals during the project. Typically, project management involves defining the project, planning each step, project implementation, performance monitoring, and closing the project when delivered (termination).

Stages of Project Management

The following 5 steps outline the process of project management from planning to completion.

  • Project Definition
  • Project Planning
  • Project Implementation
  • Project Performance Monitoring
  • Project Close (Termination)

Project Definition

When defining a project, the goal is to define the overall scope of the project including the initial project calendar which details start, close and a timeline of project tasks. Defining the project will identify budgets, the project participants (including the ), and state the project goal which is the specific end result – or target outcome.

Planning the Project

Project planning involves separating the plan into specific objectives (project tasks), specifying the time each task will require to complete and identifying the cost of each objective. When looking at costs some of the many resources to be considered include staff, support, budget, supplies and equipment, services and other considerations. The project manager pulls together preliminary cost estimates and assigns work tasks all while considering risk factors.

Related IT Jobs: , , , , , , .


During this stage, staff and team members perform the work tasks as defined in the plan to meet project objectives on time. Dependiong on the size and scope of the project, an may be hired or the project manager will move from a planning role to that of a , to ensure the project remains on schedule and within budget.

A lot of decision-making happens during this stage of project management. Additionally, the project team is likely to encounter issues that often arise when new business systems are implemented.

Performance Monitoring

Monitoring and tracking requires an ongoing assessment of all completed and in-progress project tasks. Project managers will monitor costs, timelines, and track individual project tasks and budgets. Monitoring also ensures that project goals are adjusted as needed and that any risk factors, including modifications are managed. During this period, procedures may need to be approved if any change to the project schedule or cost is anticipated.

Project Termination

Project termination – or close – is the final stage of project management. This includes training, communicating the completion of the project to stakeholders and preparing a final project report After project close, management will often use this downtime to communicate with the project team to share knowledge which can help improve future projects.

Tools for Complex Projects

Complex projects which require more staff, better coordination, larger budgets and so on can be difficult to manage without the use of project management software. These tools help managers to organize and automate some of the tasks associated with good project management planning.

According to Project-Management.com, specifically helps project managers and teams complete client requirements and manage time, budget, and scope constraints. 

Project Management Organizations

The is a leading and respected professional organization for project managers.  Founded in 1969, PMI serves more than 2.9 million professionals. PMI offers several including and Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM).

Texting & Chat Abbreviations

From A3 to ZZZ we list 1,559 text message and online chat abbreviations to help you translate and understand today's texting lingo. Includes Top... Read More »

Huge List of Computer Certifications

Have you heard about a computer certification program but can't figure out if it's right for you? Use this handy list to help you decide. Read More »

Computer Architecture Study Guide

Computer architecture provides an introduction to system design basics for most computer science students. Read More »

Network Fundamentals Study Guide

Networking fundamentals teaches the building blocks of modern network design. Learn different types of networks, concepts, architecture and... Read More »

The Five Generations of Computers

Learn about each of the five generations of computers and major technology developments that have led to the computing devices that we use... Read More »