TLS False Start Definition & Meaning
A TLS false start is a feature of that reduces some of the required by the 's and processes. Transport Layer Security (TLS) superseded (Secure Socket Layer) protocols, and both are intended to encrypt sessions between two parties, a client and a . The client, usually an individual Internet user, and the server, a or , must communicate to establish a connection to transfer . TLS is a protocol that aims to secure that connection so that attackers cannot steal confidential information from the Internet session (such as a bank account login or credit card purchase).
The TLS handshake process creates a secure to establish an by:
- Deciding which cipher to use
- Choosing a TLS version that works for both
- Authenticating the parties' identities, perhaps by using a digital
The TLS protocol causes higher latency because the and encryption process takes longer than an unsecured Internet session protocol would. Choosing which cipher the client and server will use takes time, as does authentication. The term false start refers to beginning the transfer of data a little bit early—when one of the parties has already completed the choice of cipher and authenticated their identity but has not received confirmation of the same from the other party. This reduces latency somewhat.
A TLS false start is intended to speed the significantly slowed TLS protocol. A client or server can begin to transmit data more quickly. A false start reduces the (RTT) of the TLS protocol from two to one.
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